E-Cigararettes - The breakdown

Posted at 10:19 am on 07/01/2014 by Dave Greene RN

July 1, 2014 7:00am

Good Morning,

This week I want to do a few postings on E Cigarettes.  I'm not sure if people were like me, and didn't understand anything about the mechanism.  I'll go into the whys, hows, and wheres concerning            e cigarettes.

The Breakdown on E Cigarettes - Parts and Design

An electronic cigarette (e-cig or e-cigarette), personal vaporizer (PV) or electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) is a battery-powered vaporizer which simulates tobacco smoking by producing an aerosol[1] that resembles smoke. It generally uses a heating element known as an atomizer, that vaporizes a liquid solution known as e-liquid. E-liquids usually contain a mixture of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine, and flavorings,[2] while others release a flavored vapor without nicotine.[3]

Lithium Ion Cell: The actual battery component, or power source of the e-cigarette. It is rechargeable, and is considered the most powerful type of e-cigarette battery.

Aluminum Shell: The attractive exterior of the e-cigarette. Sturdy and durable, it is made to be lightweight, and protective for the whole device. The aluminum shell makes the e-cigarette comfortable to hold, and comfortable to use.

Sensor: This is also known as the Operating Mode Sensor. When you inhale, this component will trigger the smart chip, which in turn signals the battery to charge the atomizer.

Smart Chip Microprocessor: Also known as the Microcomputer Smart Chip, this is where much of the e-cigarette's revolutionary technological capabilities lie. This mechanism cues in the battery, by sending a signal, which in turn engages the atomizer.

E-Cigarette Cartridges: Also known as Cartridges, Atomizers, or Carts, these devices are disposable, and come prefilled with USA-Made nicotine juice. Built into them are the necessary atomizers. The cartridges are screwed onto one end of the battery. The other end of the cartridge includes the comfortable, silicon mouthpiece that you puff on.

Atomizer: This component is responsible for vaporizing the nicotine liquid, which creates the nicotine-infused vapor that you inhale. It reacts to a signal sent by the battery. These parts are built into the cartridges, and are disposable because they have a tendency to not last very long. Having a new one in each cartridge allows the user to get the very best vapor possible.

Types of E Cigarettes


An atomizer generally consist of a small heating element responsible for vaporizing e-liquid, as well as a wicking material that draws liquid in. Along with a battery, the atomizer is the central component of every personal vaporizer. Differences between atomizers cause differences in the ingredients and their concentrations delivered to users, even when the same liquid is used.


A "cartomizer" (a portmanteau of cartridge and atomizer) or "carto" consists of an atomizer surrounded by a liquid-soaked poly-foam that acts as an e-liquid holder. It is usually disposed of once the e-liquid acquires a burnt taste, which is usually due to an activation when the coil is dry or when the cartomizer gets consistently flooded (gurgling) because of sedimentation of the wick. Most cartomizers are refillable even if not advertised as such.


Clearomizers or "clearos", not unlike cartotanks, use a clear tank in which an atomizer is inserted. Unlike cartotanks, however, no poly-foam material can be found in them. There are a lot of different wicking systems employed inside of clearomizers to ensure good moistening of the wick without flooding the coil. Some rely on gravity to bring the e-liquid to the wick and coil assembly (bottom coil clearomizers for example) whereas others rely on capillary action and to some degree the user agitating the e-liquid while handling the clearomizer (top coil clearomizers).


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